Friday, November 10, 2017

Talk on reproducibility and meta-science

I just gave a talk at UCSD on reproducibility and meta-science issues. The slides are posted here.  I focused somewhat on developmental psychology, but a number of the studies and recommendations are more general. It was lots of fun to chat with students and faculty, and many of my conversations focused on practical steps that people can take to move their research practice towards a more open, reproducible, and replicable workflow. Here are a few pointers:

Preregistration. Here's a blogpost from last year on my lab's decision to preregister everything. I also really like Nosek et al's Preregistration Revolution paper. is a great gateway to simple preregistration (guide).

Reproducible research. Here's a blogpost on why I advocate for using RMarkdown to write papers. The best package for doing this is papaja (pronounced "papaya"). If you don't use RMarkdown but do know R, here's a tutorial.

Data sharing. Just post it. The Open Science Framework is an obvious choice for file sharing. Some nice video tutorials make an easy way to get started.

Sunday, November 5, 2017

Co-work, not homework

Coordination is one of the biggest challenges of academic collaborations. You have two or more busy collaborators, working asynchronously on a project. Either the collaboration ping-pongs back and forth with quick responses but limited opportunity for deeper engagement or else one person digs in and really makes conceptual progress, but then has to wait an excruciating amount of time for collaborators to get engaged, understand the contribution, and respond themselves. What's more, there are major inefficiencies caused by having to load up the project back into memory each time you begin again. ("What was it we were trying to do here?")

The "homework" model in collaborative projects is sometimes necessary, but often inefficient. This default means that we meet to discuss and make decisions, then assign "homework" based on that discussion and make a meeting to review the work and make a further plan. The time increments of these meetings are usually 60 minutes, with the additional email overhead for scheduling. Given the amount of time I and the collaborators will actually spend on the homework the ratio of actual work time to meetings is sometimes not much better than 2:1 if there are many decisions to be made on a project – as in design, analytic, and writeup stages.* Of course if an individual has to do data collection or other time-consuming tasks between meetings, this model doesn't hold!

Increasingly, my solution is co-work. The idea is that collaborators schedule time to sit together and do the work – typically writing code or prose, occasionally making stimuli or other materials – either in person or online. This model means that when conceptual or presentational issues come up we can chat about them as they arise, rather than waiting to resolve them by email or in a subsequent meeting.** As a supervisor, I love this model because I get to see how the folks I work with are approaching a problem and what their typical workflow is. This observation can help me give process-level feedback as I learn how people organize their projects. I also often learn new coding tricks this way.***